Ethereum gas fees have increased 13.71% in the last two weeks, with the average fee rising from $4.52 per transaction to $5.14 per transfer on Feb. 3, 2023. Despite ethereum’s price seeing significant growth this year, its network’s gas fees have also seen a similar increase. As the demand for Ethereum’s capabilities continues to soar, it remains to be seen if these rising fees will ultimately hinder its growth.
Ethereum Gas Fees Continue to Increase
With a value of $1,701 per coin reached on Thursday, Feb. 2, 2023, ethereum (ETH) has reached new heights, soaring to its highest value this year. However, despite the increase in ethereum’s token value, the cost to send the cryptocurrency onchain has also risen.
On Jan. 18, 2023, data from bitinfocharts.com showed an average transfer fee of 0.0029 ETH or $4.52 per transaction. Just 15 days later, the transfer fee had risen to 0.0031 ETH or $5.14 per transaction.
The median fee for transactions was around $1.96 per transaction on Jan. 18, 2023, and jumped 20% to $2.36 per transaction on Feb. 3, 2023. The median fee to transfer ether is now 0.0014 ETH.
Transacting on Opensea currently costs around $3.89, while a decentralized exchange (dex) swap costs around $10.02 per transaction. On the Ethereum network, the cost to transact with an ERC20 token such as USDT or USDC is around $2.94 per transfer on Feb. 3.
Exploring L2 Alternatives: Ethereum Transactions vs. Optimism and Arbitrum Networks
According to Dune Analytics data, the average cost to send transactions using the Ethereum scaling solution Optimism is approximately $0.288 per transaction, while the L2 scaling network Arbitrum is around $0.182 per transfer on Feb. 3.
The combined number of L2 transactions using Arbitrum and Optimism has decreased since Jan. 15, 2023. Two days ago, on Feb. 1, 2023, Ethereum recorded 1.06 million transactions, while the combined number of transactions using Arbitrum and Optimism was 902,254.
Data shows that the cost to transfer 1.06 million transactions on Ethereum at a median rate of $2.36 per transaction would be $2.49 million. However, if these same transactions were moved to Optimism at a rate of $0.288 per transaction, the fees would cost $307,680, which is 87.67% lower.
If the transactions were moved to Arbitrum at a fee rate of $0.182 per transfer, the cost would be $193,720, a 92.19% decrease compared to Ethereum. While Ethereum recorded 1.06 million transactions with a much higher cost, Optimism had 212,743 transfers and Arbitrum had 689,511 transactions.